Livestock Markets

Afghanistan Livestock Market Assessment

It is widely recognized that improving livestock production in Afghanistan is important for stabilizing the country's economy. Developing sustainable livestock production practices will require several components acting in unison. These include delivery of animal health services; adoption of effective rangeland policies; research and the development of rangeland management plans; production of supplement feed sources; resolution of conflict and access issues; and a good understanding of the country's livestock market. Efforts are underway to implement many of these components. Information regarding Afghanistan's livestock market, however, is limited.

In July 2006, the University of California-Davis and Texas A&M University (TAMU) began implementation of a US-AID funded project with the aim of improving livestock production and stabilizing the economy in Afghanistan. Currently, the Afghanistan PEACE Project is engaged in helping to draft effective rangeland policies; conduct research and institutionalize technologies aimed at improving management of Afghanistan's rangelands; improving human capacity through the provision of training opportunities in conflict resolution and mitigation; and support of economic diversification efforts. The Afghanistan PEACE Project is also engaged in researching Afghanistan's livestock industry, to better direct policy and planning efforts.

The data presented here are from a series of surveys aimed at determining who are the major suppliers of livestock to Afghanistan's markets; and who might be responsible for setting market prices. The study also sought to collect information on the volume and types of livestock sold throughout the year. It was conducted by Altai Consulting on behalf of the Afghanistan PEACE Project, on a quarterly basis, with four reporting periods.

There were six major markets involved in the study, including Herat, Kabul, Kandahar, Kunduz, Mazar-e-Sharif, and Jalalabad. The results presented here are based on the following objectives:

  • Determine the proportion of the livestock market that is supplied by the different livestock producers
  • Determine the approximate volume of livestock sales
  • Determine the approximate market value of different categories and breeds of livestock and who is responsible for setting market prices
  • Determine the role of Kuchi in all sectors of the livestock markets in Afghanistan

Click here for results from Survey Period 1 (Nov-Dec 2008, includes methodology)
Click here for results from Survey Period 2 (Feb-Mar 2009)
Click here for results from Survey Period 3 (June-July 2009)
Click here for Results from Survey Period 4 (Sept-Oct 2009)
Click here for Final Summary Report (June 2010)
Click here for Dari translation of 1st Livestock Market Report
Click here for Dari translation of 2nd Livestock Market Report